Trait Theory: How Consistent Traits Affect Behavior and Decision Making

By:  Angelina Yohana Tampubolon, Study Program  Guidance and Counseling, Ganesha University Of Education

Consistency is one of the many fascinating characteristics which make up the human personality that we can all identify in other people as we are social creatures. As is common knowledge, consistent features are characteristics or behaviors that have a tendency to be fixed and steady and that an individual exhibits when performing an action or going about their daily business. However, what impact does this enduring characteristic have on our actions and decision-making processes.

Based on the comprehension of Trait Theory, individuals are categorized based on their most significant features. Trait theory, according to Loudon and Della Bitta (1993), is predicated on three assumptions: (a) people’s behaviors tend to be fairly stable; (b) people differ to some extent from these behavioral tendencies; and (c) if these differences are recognized and quantified, they can be used to characterize people’s personalities. Thus, this feature theory highlights how unique and quantifiable human traits are. In other words, it works under the premise that individuals possess particular characteristics that are reliable indicators of their behavior.

The enduring qualities that define each of us become an indicator of our life journey. According to trait theory, conduct will definitely be influenced by this consistent trait, and behavior can therefore be anticipated or surmised. We can comprehend why certain individuals have a tendency to take on challenges, while others might opt for a safer road, by looking at consistent qualities and applying trait theory. Thus, over time and in various contexts, this constant quality becomes woven into the fabric of our behavior, creating comparatively stable patterns.

The big 5 trait the theory includes this consistent trait as one of its examples. The inclination of an individual to be either introverted (more introverted and introspective) or extroverted (social, enthusiastic, and passionate) is known as extraversion. A person’s inclination toward stable (calm, patient) or unstable (anxious, restless) emotions is known as neuroticism. Being diligent: This comprises the degree of a person’s discipline, orderliness, and earnestness. The degree to which a person tends to cooperate, be amiable, and be kind with others is referred to as their agreeableness. Openness to Experience: This encompasses a person’s curiosity, inventiveness, and capacity for abstract thought.

Trait theory is a type of lens that helps us understand the patterns in the decisions we make in every aspect of decision-making. such as our propensity to make decisions based on emotion or logic. This indicates that a person’s decision-making style will undoubtedly be influenced by any recurring characteristics they possess. As a result, this dependable quality serves as our guidance or guide while making decisions and acting in our life. Trait theory helps us understand how these recurring qualities can play a significant role in influencing decisions in this investigation.

Although trait theory explains that humans have relatively stable trait tendencies, it also acknowledges that each of us has the capacity to grow and change. In this exploration, trait theory provides us with an understanding of how these consistent traits can be significant determinants in the decision-making process. This is a result of the fact that we are dynamic, evolving human beings. We have the ability to develop, learn, and discover new facets of who we are, even though these characteristics could offer a foundational framework. Instead of being a constraint, trait theory serves as a road map for navigating life. It’s time to stop seeing our characteristics as a barrier to becoming the best versions of ourselves and start using them as a tool. By understanding our consistent traits, we can understand ourselves more deeply and make more conscious decisions.

Source :

Chasanah, U. (2019). BAB II Landasan Teori. Diakses pada tanggal 20 Desember 2023, dari

Simanullang, Tansen. (2021). Pengaruh Tipe Kepribadian The Big Five Model Personality Terhadap Kinerja Aparatur Sipil Negara (Kajian Studi Literatur Manajemen Keuangan). Diakses pada tanggal 20 Desember 2023, dari

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